• Insights

Guides & Reports


Managing tax on employee travel expenses

In this survey, Ius Laboris lawyers in 20 countries explain the tax and social security treatment of employer-reimbursed travel costs and associated subsistence and visa costs for these employees (and any immediate family members accompanying them) on journeys between the employee’s home country and the country in which the employer is based.


The word 2022

Internships are a common but controversial part of the youth employment landscape. They offer young people a first experience of the world of work, allowing them to improve their skills and future employability, but can leave them vulnerable to exploitation as unpaid labour. The fact that only privileged young people can afford to do low or unpaid internships also entrenches inequalities in labour market access. This survey of internships undertaken voluntarily, rather than as part of a university or other course, provides guidance on the law, and commentary on how internships are viewed in 26 countries.


How 'ESG' is your HR practice?

In the past, large corporations could largely go about their business, creating profit and satisfying their shareholders, unhindered, but in today’s world, they are increasingly expected to act in accordance with ESG standards. In this report, we explain what ESG means and why it matters and report our findings from 25 countries on the progress of ESG.


Building a resilient HR practice

In this report, we examine what’s just happened and how Covid has impacted workplaces worldwide and then take a look at how businesses might react to the new normal. We look at flexible working, protecting your employees’ mental resilience, how to protect the boundaries of your business with solid cyber security policies and practices and how you can ensure your employees develop the skills they need, not just for now, but for the coming years. And finally, how to protect the reputation of your business in this interconnected world.


Immigration & Global Mobility Update

Every 2 months, our experts from around the world put together an Update on the law on immigration & global mobility, setting out recent changes to the law. See our Update for September 2022, with new rules for 15 countries.


Comparing state Covid responses in 20 countries

Our report, comparing the outcome of Government responses to Covid-19, covering 20 major economies, is an economic analysis of what has worked best and worst over the last two years. Compiled and written in collaboration with human resources provider, Adecco, it offers an in-depth analysis of our collective insights into these issues.

Note: if you provide your email address, we will send you updates periodically.


The Word 2021: Forces for Change

COVID-19 has put employment issues centre stage in a way that has never been seen before. From remote working, to cybersecurity, through diversity and inclusion, mental health, corporate purpose and, finally, a gaze at the future of the city, this 2021 edition of The Word draws on our legal expertise and truly reflects the global reach of our alliance of 59 countries.


Brexit Guide for International Employers

The UK left the EU at the end of January 2020 but remained wedded to EU rules during a ‘transition period’ that lasted until 31 December 2020. But now the change has taken place and businesses on both sides of the Channel are working out how to do business in the new world they find themselves in. In this Guide, we explore how immigration between the UK and the EU is being handled.


The ByWord : Mental Health at Work

Never has it been more important for businesses to focus on the health of their employees, both physical and mental. For that reason, we have put together a major report, covering 37 of our countries on the law surrounding mental health at work and how employers can support a healthy workplace.


The Covid Guide for International Employers

In our latest Covid Guide covering over 40 countries, we take a look at whether you can ask, or require, employees to get tested for coronavirus or to get vaccinated, how to handle an employee's refusal or inability to be vaccinated and what data privacy issues may arise. As partial or full remote working becomes a long-term reality for many employers, we also address what you need to keep in mind when employees work from home, whether in your home country or abroad.


The Word 2020: Forces for Change

This year’s The Word: Forces for Change report unpacks the rising demand for flexible working, the talent shortage, the effects of innovative technologies and other forces inflicting change on the way we work.


Top Tips For Returning to the Workplace

Countries around the world are at different stages of their coronavirus response. Many are still in the grip of lockdown but some are starting to look at how to re-emerge from it.

We have listed some general tips for you to distribute to your staff to help you manage the process of getting staff safely back to the workplace.


Trade union responses to the COVID pandemic


Severance Pay

The rules around what must be paid when employment ends differ widely according to the country. As the rules vary so greatly, it’s worth having a handle on the specifics in each of the countries in which you operate and so, in this Guide, we set out the rules worldwide and introduce you to an expert to contact if you need more help.


8 Ways to Encourage Neurodiversity at Work

If you’re interested in workplace diversity and inclusion, you’ve probably been hearing a lot about neurodiversity lately. Here are 8 ways to encourage neurodiversity at work.


Restructuring for International Employers in the Time of COVID-19

For international businesses facing serious disruption and financial challenges, we have put together a Guide setting out some of the key restructuring rules, covering 20 of the world's largest economies.

Countries covered: Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.


Restructuring for International Employers in the Time of Coronavirus – Nordics Edition

Countries covered: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.


The Word 2019: Forces for Change

Geopolitical realignments, sociodemographic change and technological advancements are reshaping the modern workplace and affecting businesses all over the world. Ius Laboris has carried out global research to help better understand the impact and the strategic and operational challenges of this evolving landscape, surveying 630 senior HR and legal professionals across 17 countries throughout Europe and North America, across a range of industries and business sizes.


The ByWord: Monitoring the Workplace

Our research on monitoring in the workplace analyses the rules on monitoring in 41 countries and examines how the law is coping with the growing tensions between new technologies and the strengthening of privacy rights.


The ByWord: Working time

In this report covering 51 countries, we take a global look at the law on working hours, breaks and rest time between work shifts and how it is applied in different countries. We also look at the changing nature of work, in particular, the growing tendency for people to work on various devices from a range of locations and the implications this has, both in terms of time recording and the ability of employees to disconnect fully from work outside working hours.


The ByWord: The Gig Economy

In this publication, we present our findings from 40 countries around the world on how governments are grappling with the question of how to protect gig-economy workers without jettisoning the benefits the gig economy provides to consumers.