To create the most favourable possible environment for the intensive development of IT industry and pooling resources for the new projects, the Russian Government has adopted a Law (Federal Law dated 31 July 2020 N 265-FZ ‘On amendments to the part two of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation’) introducing a number of changes and tax incentives for the IT and Technology companies. These amendments took effect on 1 January 2021.
In particular, the Law provides for the reduced rate of insurance contributions for:
Please note that there are no amendments to accident insurance contribution rates. The applicable rate varies from 0.2% up to 8.5% and depends on the degree of professional risk that the employer’s activity entails (about 0.2% to 0,6% for IT and Technology companies).
These amendments will apply for Russian IT and Technology (defined as companies designing and developing electronic component base products and (radio) electronic products) companies if they meet certain criteria relating to the structure of income, number of employees and others.
Note that the Law refers only to Russian companies, that is, companies incorporated under the laws of the Russian Federation. Branches and other subdivisions of non-Russian companies registered in Russia are not allowed to apply these incentives. At the same time, the Law does not restrict participation of non-Russian entities in IT and Technology companies.
In addition, the tax incentives apply only to IT companies dealing with software and databases:
As a result, the following companies will not be entitled to apply the new incentives:
Note that if an organisation does not meet the criteria specified by the Law, it may consider other incentives, e.g. special rules for small and medium–sized organisations (see below).
Special incentives for small and medium–sized organisations
As part of support measures taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, reduced insurance contributions rates were provided for small and medium size organisations (SMEs).
Organisations are considered as SMEs if they, in particular, meet the following criteria:
Instead of the requirements for the structure of the authorised capital, other criteria relating to required special types of shares, activity or other matters may apply.
According to a Law passed in April 2020 (Federal Law dated 1 April 2020 N 102-FZ ‘On amendments to parts one and two of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation and certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation’), the new rates available for SMEs are applied to the part of payments in favour of an individual exceeding the minimum wage (for 2021 this is RUB 12,792, approximately EUR 142, it is revised annually) and are as follows:
These amendments came into force on 1 April 2020.
For payments not exceeding the minimum wage, insurance contributions are charged at the previously specified rates.
As for IT and Technology сompanies, there are no amendments to accident insurance contributions rates. The applicable rate varies from 0.2% up to 8.5% and depends on the degree of professional risk that the employer’s activity entails.